Build It to Understand It: Ludology Meets Narratology in Game Design Space were realized, including the hotly debated question of ludology vs. narratology. LUDOLOGY MEETS NARRATOLOGY.: Similitude and differences between ( video)games and narrative. By Gonzalo Frasca. Finnish version. Ludology Meets Narratology – Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online.

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More than a game: Of course, MUDs have other kind of characters: It is a common thing that, in rich countries, immigrant people clean public toilets because generally narratilogy can choose other jobs.

Maynard Smith, John The reader will notice that we will not refer in this work to the classic “theory of games “, that has so many applications in economy, political sciences or organizations theory. Oxford University Press, Examples of games are: We think that once ludology grows, its applications to videogames will be very helpful. An introduction to game theory. You may not be able to work out the answers, but in theory there must be a solution, a right procedure in any position.

Bibliography Aarseth, Espen Sometimes, rules are backed up by organizations that define their rules, like FIFA for soccer.

Game Studies – Narrative, Games, and Theory

As Seymour Chatman writes: We feel the need to insist that these two approaches were done in a very basic way, and both topics deserve a longer and more complete study. The Beginning is a previous step, where the rules are defined and accepted by the players.

However, this would not solve the problem that human players do not behave like characters. Our major problem is the actual situation of the study of traditional games: Narratologists will be happy to explain to him the difference between the act of throwing a ball and the act of recounting that f act.


Narrative as virtual reality: Huizinga, Johan []Homo ludens: Confronted with a big and respected player in the academic playgrounds, games studies scholars seem to opt for a maximin strategy. So, who will do the dirty job? A game theorist, on the other hand, would certainly ask herself what kind of games are going on in the humanities, and what is at stake.

Real life is not like that. We want to better understand what is the relationship with narrative mfets videogames ; their similarities and differences. Actually, that second problem is very well solved in non-computer-based role-playing games, like Dungeons and Dragons.

Paidea videogames have no pre-designated goal. Some authors focus on creating an interesting plot like in some classic detective novelswhile others want to describe a world or place nareatology example in a travel story. To illustrate this point, Aarseth quotes Mary-Laure Ryan: There is another tradition in the study of games for which this question is a non-issue.

For a simulation it is not necessary to preserve the temporality or sequentiality of narratllogy source system, and sometimes it is even essential not to preserve its temporal dimension. The method of bBackward reasoning is thus not unique to narratology but is a method shared by both narratology and game theory.

Build it to understand it: Ludology meets narratology in game design space

The same goes for game players. By virtue of their appearance in this open access journal, articles are free to use, with proper attribution, in educational and other non-commercial settings. Those “puzzles” perfectly fit our definition of ludus.

He proposes two different meaning when he defines ” jeu ” in his Dictionaire Philosophique [ Lalande]. From this point of view, there is not a categorical distinction between narratology and game theory, but rather a matter of scale: For an external observer, an adventure videogame session will look like a group of narrative sequences.


The Johns Hopkins University Press. As game theorists have demonstrated, in an iterated version of this game, mutual cooperation is the more beneficial and more productive strategy Axelrod,and this surely applies to narratology and games studies as well.

Build It to Understand It: Ludology Meets Narratology in Game Design Space | DiGRA

However, there is another dimension that has been usually almost ignored when studying this kind of computer software: The fact is that we did not find in this theory elements that seemed useful for our objectives.

Narration in the fiction film. On the other hand, games are more strictly defined: Some authors see cybertexts and videogames as a new form of or as an expansion of traditional narrative or drama.

Games focus on self-mastery and exploration of the external world, not exploration of interpersonal relationships except for multiplayer games. Our main goal was to show luodlogy basic concepts of ludology could be used along with narratology to better understand videogames.

Of course we can not prove this affirmation, but, at least, as we have shown. And because of this, game formalist studies are fragmented through different disciplines, and not very well developed.