Vallès. ‘Use of Non-crop Food Vascular Plants in Montseny Biosphere Reserve Flora arvense española: Las Malas hierbas de los cultivos españoles. Although E. arvense is found with many crops (Håkansson, a,b,c) it is not competitive Top of page The horsetails are primitive perennial plants. .. XIII Congreso de la Sociedad Española de Malherbología, La Laguna. Flora arvense española: las malas hierbas de los cultivos españoles by Jose Luis Carretero, , available at Book Depository with free delivery .

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Golub S; Wetmore R, Bayerisches Landwirtschaftliches Jahrbuch, 62 1: Under some circumstances, E. Distribution Top of page E.

Impact Top of page Although E. Title Line artwork of E. The sterile or vegetative stems are branched, cm high, with smaller joints. Data from a long-term experiment have shown that E. Growth and development of field horsetail Equisetum arvense L.

Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)

Andersson TN; Milberg P, The terminal buds are always larger than the lateral buds and produce the first and also the most vigorous vegetative shoots in height and diameter. Swedish Journal of Agricultural Research, However, it can cause difficulty during grain harvesting by clogging harvesting and threshing equipment with its bulk Hoyt and Carder, Internally, both carinal and vallecular collenchyma are present.


It has fluted, prominently ridged stems mm and whorled branches which are usually regularly and abundantly branched, giving the plant the appearance of a Christmas tree.

However, the species is very variable and differences in the numbers of branch teeth, the nature of branching and the habit have been described Hauke, Karch K; Speri P, Rhizomes planted in March attain their maximum shoot growth in July, their maximum shoot height in August, their maximum shoot number in September and accumulate dry matter in the rhizomes until October. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. The cone is formed of shield-shaped, stalked scales from which spores are produced. Thiamine is involved in decarboxylation reactions in animals. A review of the control of Equisetum arvense L.

Crop rotation and weed flora, with special reference to the nutrient and light demand of Equisetum arvense L. It grows in almost any substrate but prefers neutral or slightly basic soils Meusel et al.

Sterile shoots in autumn D with fertile shoot buds E which will appear the following spring. Weed Research, 19 1: According to Holm et al.

Flora arvense española : las malas hierbas de los cultivos españoles

Taxonomic Tree Top of page Domain: The biology of Canadian weeds. Life-forms and occurrence in a European perspective. The shade sensitivity of E.


The fertile stems are unbranched, cm high, terminating in a cone which may be 2. Fossil material of Equisetum arvense has been found from the Carboniferous period, about million years ago Mitich, They emerge as achlorophyllous spore-producing espaol cm the following spring.

Annales Agriculturae Fenniae, 26 3: The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Hay containing this weed may be more poisonous than fresh plants in the field. The spores germinate to produce the minute, sexual stage gametophytewhich is seldom seen, from which the spore-bearing plants develop.

Flora arvense espaola pdf

Ruminants are not generally affected by thiamine deficiency because thiamine is made in the rumen Henderson espxola al. It promotes calcium absorption and helps fight against plaque deposits in the arteries.

The leaves consist of small teeth set in a whorl on a closely adnate nodal sheath and at maturity are free of chlorophyll Golub and Wetmore, Cloutier D; Watson AK,