Wikipedia. Instance of, disease, Designated intractable/rare diseases. Subclass of, hair disease, metal metabolism disorder. Menkes disease (MNK), also known as Menkes syndrome, is an X-linked recessive disorder caused by mutations in genes coding for the copper-transport . A number sign (#) is used with this entry because of evidence that Menkes disease is caused by mutation in the gene encoding Cu(2+)-transporting ATPase .

Author: Shagor Gara
Country: Lithuania
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Life
Published (Last): 4 June 2016
Pages: 333
PDF File Size: 14.59 Mb
ePub File Size: 13.41 Mb
ISBN: 226-5-94166-495-2
Downloads: 53182
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Vora

A Golgi localization signal identified ed the Menkes recombinant protein. Vessel-wall compromise might be the pathological change responsible the majority of these abnormalities, especially when subdural and epidural collections are found An X-linked disease of the nervous system with disordered copper metabolism and features differing from Menkes disease.

Radiological findings in the kinky-hair syndrome.

Category:Menkes disease – Wikimedia Commons

Jayawant et al reported a rapidly progressive and unfavorable evolution with drug-resistant seizures and status epilepticus Affected infants may be born prematurely. Life-span and Menkes kinky hair syndrome: Five males were affected but the gene could by inference be identified in 4 generations. Mapping of the Menkes locus to Xq There was no increase in blood pressure following immersion of the hand in ice-cold water, or following a mental arithmetic challenge, suggesting that his postural hypotension may have an autonomic basis.

Mac Keith Press, Atypical Menkes steely hair disease. Color blindness red and green, but not blue Ocular albinism 1 Norrie disease Choroideremia Other: ATP1A2 Alternating hemiplegia of childhood. In Banci, Lucia Ed.

Menkes gave a useful review in which he listed 6 cuproenzymes, 5 of which may account for features menies the disorder: Muscle strength was slightly diminished, deep tendon reflexes were increased with extension plantar reflex response. Congenital hypocupraemia syndrome with and without steely hair: Diseases of the nervous system in childhood second edition.


First trimester prenatal diagnosis of Menkes disease by DNA analysis. Effects of Deficiency and Overload”.

Menkes disease

Is Menkes syndrome a copper storage disorder? The occipital horn syndrome is caused by mutation in the same gene. The incidence is of one case for everydwbirths; its unique features can be found early in the first few months after birth and include skin, hair and connective tissue abnormalities, early onset seizures and decreased muscle tone with progressive deterioration He also had a generalized increase in subcutaneous fat with loose, thin skin.

Menkes had sent hair from his original patients to the Australian Wool Commission, but at that early date the Commission could not identify the problem Menkes, Copper histidinate is probably the form in which copper crosses the blood-brain barrier Hartter and Barnea, Rev Bras Clin Ter ;10 Suppl: Clinical expression of Menkes disease in a girl with X;13 translocation.

Ehlers-Danlos type IX–a first Japanese fe. Copper histidinate therapy in Menkes’ disease: Severe atrophy and subdural and epidural collections are the end-stage abnormalities found late in the evolution of the disease, such as in our case. There is no evidence, at present, of benefit of parenteral administration of copper associated with D-penicillamine or vitamin E 5.

Enfermedad de Menkes: Artículos científicos

Using a combination of single-strand conformation analysis and direct sequencing of amplified exons, they detected a single bp deletion in exon 4 in one patient and in exon 12 in the other. To determine the function of MT in the presence of Atp7a deficiency, Kelly and Palmiter crossed Mottled-Brindled females with males that bear a targeted disruption of the Mt1 and Mt2 genes.

A murine model enfemedad Menkes disease reveals a physiological function of metallothionein.


To clarify these questions, Tumer et al. The chromosomal band associated with the X-inactivation center XIC; was present, in this patient, on the proximal long arm of the rearranged X chromosome, in line with the location of XIC proximal to MNK. The mild form of Menkes disease: Germiniani by english review of the manuscript. Molecular basis of the brindled mouse mutant Mo-br: Most patients have died between the ages of 6 months and 3 years.

However, in 2 unrelated patients with this disorder who were born prematurely and nefermedad early copper-histidine treatment, the response was favorable see Sherwood et al.

J Inherit Metab Dis ; We describe a 7 months male patient who presented with seizures, hypoactivity and absence of visual contact. Primary defect in copper transport underlies mottled mutants in the mouse.

The similarities in biochemical findings between type IX Ehlers-Danlos syndrome and Menkes syndrome may indicate allelism. The striking hair changes are probably the result of defective formation of disulfide bonds in keratin since this process is copper-dependent, and copper deficiency in sheep leads to the formation of wool with defective cross-linking Collie et al.


Menkes disease MNKalso known as Menkes syndrome[1] [2] is an X-linked recessive disorder caused by mutations in genes coding for the copper-transport protein ATP7A[3] leading to copper deficiency.

Copper toxicity Wilson’s disease. Degeneration of the cerebellar system in X-chromosome-linked malabsorption. Most aneurysms occurred in the ascending aorta, with some also present in the descending thoracic and abdominal segments. Menkes disease in affected females: