A nonalert downer cow appears systemically sick and depressed. Downer cow syndrome also describes the pathology of pressure-induced muscle and nerve. A recumbent cow is often described as being ‘down’ and when it has been recumbent for a prolonged period as a ‘downer cow’. There are many causes of a . Downer Cow Syndrome. • Definition: Any cow that remains in sternal recumbency for more than 24 hours after initial recumbency, and after treatment for primary.

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With the help of body slings, the animals should be allowed to doener for minutes and then lowered down. Sand is the ideal bedding material.

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Events Latest Events Submit Event. The affected cow usually crawls around utilizing the forelimbs whereas hind limbs remain in flexed position. This could be post-calving, a metabolic issue such as milk fever or a disease such as mastitis or metritis. Cause The most likely reason for a cow go down is trauma. On every day of the recumbency, an attempt should be made to bring the cow to its feet. Attempt should be made to lift the cow on its fore legs by using body slings.

Appetite, rumination, defecation and urination are usually normal. Lifting on any other part of the tail may cause damage. In extreme cases, the cow can be drenched with rumen contents. This usually drains well, and good hygiene can be maintained if the manure is removed several times each day. Welfare considerations Although a cow may rise after being recumbent for 14 days, this does not imply that a cow should be left for this period. Every effort must be made to roll the cow from one side onto the other every 3 hr.


Downer animals should be milked normally and the udder kept clean by washing with germicide soap before milking and post milking teat dips should be applied.

Protection from the elements is essential. Infective causes should be brought under antibiotic coverage. If an apparently hypocalcemic cow does not respond to calcium therapy, phosphorus, magnesium, and potassium should be given as additional treatments pending the results of laboratory tests. The most likely reason for a cow go down is trauma. Arrangement of soft bed syndroome be made.

Dermatitis can result, and sjndrome of the cow is reduced. If this is not done, the weight of the dwoner results in ischemia in the muscles of the hindlimb.

About About 5m Publishing Our Editors. Temperature is usually normal but may turn towards sub-normal range in the terminal stage disease. This should be cleared away every 30 min if not accepted. This is often seen in association with hypophosphataemia. Soft bedding for calved animals. This should ayndrome repeated several times a day. This damage occurs because a cow going off its feet results in heavy pressure on dowwner muscles and nerves, this is made worse in many diseases by the cow being unable to shift position to prevent continuous bearing of weight.

The weight of the bull should be within the weight bearing capacity of the cow. The downer cow is not very well defined. This failure to rise is usually observed within 24 hours of the cow going down, as a result of muscle and nerve damage.

Cow should not be made over fatty through too much feeding during advance dowenr. On stimulation the cow either makes little attempt or no attempt to rise or simply unable to rise even with treatment for milk fever. This type of stance is ascribed as “creeper cow” A downer cow which continues to remain down for more than 7 days ends fatally.


Recently calved animals should synxrome monitored at least 48 hours after parturition for the occurrence of milk fever signs.

Although a cow may rise after being recumbent for 14 days, this does not imply that a cow should be left for this period.

Treatment Downer cows are often hypocalcemic. Early detection and treatment of milk fever. So long as the cow looks bright, occasionally struggles to rise, and downsr to eat and drink, recovery is a possibility. Straw bedding should be provided to help insulate the cow from the ground. Lift the cow and frequent turning should be made. A bed of sand?

The Downer Cow – The Cattle Site

There is low phosphorus level. Acetonaemia Fatty Ysndrome Rumen Acidosis. Rain and wind can reduce body temperature considerably and worsen shock if present. This is frequently met in exotic and cross bred dairy cows. This method must not be used on the thoracic wall unprotected by the muscle mass to avoid fracturing the ribs.

It is vital that recumbent cows be provided with clean water at all times. Even if the cow does not stand, the lifted position provides an opportunity to manipulate the limbs, auscultate for crepitation, and perform vaginal and rectal examinations.

Most commonly occurs immediately after parturition. Downer cows are often hypocalcemic. In other words, if the animal was presented in lateral recumbency on its left side, it should be rolled into sternal recumbency on its right side. Continual use causes trauma and pain that is counterproductive.