Cosmas Mnyanyi, Open University of Tanzania, Psychology and Special Education Department, Faculty Member. Studies Special and inclusive education . Find out more about Lancaster University’s research activities, view details of publications, outputs and awards and make contact with our researchers. G4 Doctoral dissertation (monograph) Changing Teachers┬┤Practices in Regular Schools Enrolling Children with Visual Impairment – An Action Research Project.

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You are embarking with your More information. Most of it consists of large low-income families in rural areas where the rate of illiteracy. To this end, I thank all the teachers who participated in my engaging and demanding research work. We are witnessing change in technology that includes the introduction of ICT in schools, e-learning and changing composition mnyanyii size of classrooms.

In recent years, access to primary education has expanded tremendously in India and gender gaps have narrowed. In rural areas where hospitals are rare, CBM ensures the poorest people can still have access to affordable and adequate health care More information. Chapter 7 presents the findings of the study. It was, however, a big challenge for disabled people, particularly visually the impaired, to have mnyznyi on learning and seeking information through computer.

Tactile numbers and figures without Braille text Photo 3. More and more regular schools are enrolling children with visual impairment, but the schools lack financial resources, tactile teaching materials and trained special education teachers. They were so influential in making me feel happy.

Cosmas Mnyanyi | Open University of Tanzania –

The study contributes to new knowledge of how collaborative action research can be conducted in the area of special education in a Tanzanian school context. These three aspects of education in Tanzania are considered as important for understanding of the context in which the study was conducted. Tanzanian schools face challenges in enrolling children with VI with regard to teacher competence. Therefore, lack of special schools and schools with resource rooms, cosmaas cost of transport, and shortages of learning materials and equipment, and the low availability of specialist teachers all pose problems in creating 2 I use the term included in the study when I refer to children with VI who are enrolled in regular schools and attend regular classes, although Mnyqnyi am aware that the inclusion does not meet the requirements of real inclusion.


Almost half of all registered persons with disabilities have visual impairment, which means a great challenge for the education of children with VI. The teachers showed me trust and respect. Teachers facilitate learning and are likely to encourage children to be enrolled, participate in learning and have positive achievement in schools.

Challenges teachers faced in specific subject teaching Table Why is it relevant to focus on teachers perceived challenges in teaching in the Tanzanian context? The policies and the innovations themselves do not take into consideration the special needs of people with visual impairment.

Items where Author is “Mnyanyi, Cosmas B. F.” – The Open University of Tanzania Repository

At the level of practice the findings could be used to sensitize policy-makers, managers, teachers, tutors, and administrators to the need to design different kinds of school-based teacher professional development programs through action research aiming at developing teaching practices in schools which include children with special needs and comsas.

During the writing process, I had opportunities to share my work with my fellow doctoral students in various seminars.

For effective learning, children with VI require an adapted curriculum, Braille print and tactile teaching materials. The findings from this study can contribute to cozmas better understanding of how regular teachers, when supported in reflecting, exploring and analysing their own teaching practices, can change their practices and thus facilitate the learning of diverse learners enrolled in their schools.

An increasing number of More information. Do the National or local constitutions. Facts on People with Disabilities in China Background In China, a disabled person is defined as one who suffers from abnormalities of loss of a certain organ or function, psychologically or physiologically. In so doing, the study can contribute to bridging the gap between research and practice in teacher education in order to promote professional activities in schools.

He said, to many people, being visually impaired means to be coamas disqualified from fully taking part in various activities because of physical, mental and social obstacles visual impairment traditionally carries. Teachers innovations Table The action research project was conducted during a period of 6 months and was carried out in five cycles. Peripatetic teachers provide support services in schools and are engaged in home-based programs 4.


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School-based based action research projects are believed to influence teachers classroom practices and the school as a social system Elliott, ; Elliott, ; James, Practices and outcomes through collaboration between teachers Table Education for the visually impaired was introduced in the s in segregated settings, confined to special boarding schools, and mostly run by philanthropic organizations, especially nongovernmental organizations NGO and faith based organizations FBO.

Challenges related to preparation and use of TTM Table Fritzes customer service 47 Stockholm Tel: I am indebted to the prereviewers of my thesis Professor Tiina Itkonen from California State University, Channel Islands, USA and Professor Matts Mattsson from Stockholm University, Sweden who read my manuscript and gave valuable and constructive comments which supported me in improving the manuscript and finalizing this research work. Teachers proposed solutions frequencies Table The findings of the study show that the teachers managed to change their teaching practices through systematic reflection, analysis and collaboration.

Third, individuals selected to teach in many schools have inadequate skills to support the learning of pupils with VI. The third motive is connected to rights to education. Teaching Philosophy I believe students learn best when they are motivated to learn by seeing the value and importance of the information presented in the classroom.

It also includes the Dutch More information. Inclusive Education for children with visual impairment in Zambia: Action research as school development has been mnyanyj out in many Western countries; in low-income countries like Tanzania the strategy is not well-known.

Children with VI have a right to education of good quality just as sighted children Farrell, To investigate issues related to inclusive education in order to increase meaningful participation in reducing exclusion of diverse learners. In my research work I was invited into the lives of the teachers of the children with visual impairment who were included in regular coemas in my project school.