ERROR ANALYSIS, INTERLANGUAGE AND. SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION. S. P. Corder. University of Edinburgh. 1. In the course of learning a second. Error analysis and interlanguage. Front Cover. Stephen Pit Corder. Oxford University Press, – Language Arts & Disciplines – pages. “Corder, S. Pit. Error Analysis and Interlanguage. Oxford: Oxford University Press, ” Canadian Modern Language Review, 40(4), pp. –.

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On the basis of these data, the investigator can reconstruct the learner’s linguistic system. Enter the email address you signed up intedlanguage and we’ll email you a reset link. Attrition Classroom research Education Phonology Writing.

This page was last edited on 1 Novemberat In the mids, Corder and others moved on to a more wide-ranging approach to learner language, known as interlanguage.

Error analysis (linguistics)

Grammar and meaning are at the heart of the matter”p. Certainly variability must be accounted for in synchronic description as well as contrastive analysis. This is not to say that the use of the TG model has solved the problem of CA; on the contrary, it has made explicit the intricate problems facing CA which had not previously been appreciated. Corder proposed the term “transitional competence” to refer to the intermediate systems constructed by the learner in the process of his language learning.

Wrror aim of EA according to J.

CA and Linguistic Models Since comparison depends on description, there exists an inevitable implicational relationship between CA and linguistic theory. In other words, the approach toward the learner’s performance has become more broadbased in trying to come up with an explanatory account of why the TL learner speaks and writes the way he does.

They are typically random and are readily corrected by the learner niterlanguage his attention is drawn to them. Views Read Edit View history.

In its simplest form transfer refers to the hypothesis that the learning of a task is either facilitated “positive” transfer or impeded “negative” transfer by the previous learning- of another task, depending on, among other things, the degree of similarity or difference obtaining between the two tasks.


While this is probably the closest we have ever come to rigorously defining the notion of “equivalence,” even this formulation is still far from satisfactory, as is apparent from the works discussed below. This latent psychological structure contains five central processes language transfer, transfer of training, strategies of second-language learning, strategies of second-language communication and overgeneralization of TL linguistic material and a few minor ones e.

They may be assessed according to the degree to which they interfere with communication: Despite the extensive study of various aspects of CA, this problem which lies at the heart of CA has yet to be satisfactorily, resolved. Brown have recognized the absurdity of describing the child as possessing all the rules of the adult language together with a suspiciously large number of deletion rules.

Krashen’s”monitor” model of TL performance is another. In particular, with respect to each field of study, we shall examine the current trends in theory, methodology, claims and empirical validations thereof and its contribution to TL teaching.

A major outcome of the application of IL studies to TL pedagogy would be a radical change in the teacher’s attitude toward the learner’s performance cf.

An alternative is suggested by the British linguists, who advocate a Firthian “polysystemic” approach. This concern is reflected not only in the way writers of pedagogical grammars draw attention to the potential “pitfalls” in the TL, but also in the many lists of “common errors” prepared by experienced teachers.

It is also claimed by Lado that the results of CA provide ideal criteria for selecting testing items for an opposite view, see Upshur The presence of elements other than those due to interlingual interference is, though correct, not a criticism of CA per se.

Sign In Forgot password? Weinreich was the first and perhaps still the best extensive study of the mechanisms of bilingual interference. The experimental evidence, the little that there is, however, does not support such an extreme position.


On the notion of “error. Sweet warned against the formation of wrong “cross-associations” across seemingly similar items in “closely allied languages.

A different approach to defining equivalence is suggested in Sridhar Retrieved from ” https: Working toward Diversity and Equity of Knowledges. University of Illinois Ph. May Learn how and when to remove this template message. Based on arguments such as these, some scholars e. Both Selinker and Corder b, agree that since ILs are internally patterned autonomous systems, the data for IL should be based on sources other than those used in conventional EA.

The Sounds of English and Spanish. If you originally registered with a username please use that to sign in. The results were as follow:. Only with this view the psychological basis of “interference” would shift to something more like that of transfer of training, in that the learner may be said to select his experience with the learning of his native language as one of the initial hypotheses or “processing strategies” to be tested in the course of learning a TL.

According to Selinker, the most crucial fact that any description of IL must account for is the phenomenon of fossilization.

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What this implies, therefore, is not that the CA approach should be thrown overboard, but that ahalysis rigorous research is needed to identify the precise conditions under which the TL learner utilizes the hypotheses developed on the basis of his experience with the first language.

For instance, Newmark and Reibel contend that interference is an otiose idea and that ignorance is the real cause of errors.

I will now briefly consider the state of the art in practical contrastive analysis.