The first National Consultative Conference of the ANC was held at Morogoro, Tanzania, from 25 April to 1 May The conference has become known as the. A thread that runs all the way back to the ANC’s watershed consultative conference held in April in Morogoro in Tanzania darts through. of the Second National Consultative Conference of the African National Congress – Zambia. the post-Morogoro Conference period up to the present stage of our struggle. .. At this stage the Resolutions Committee presented its report. 2.

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But above all a scientific revolutionary strategy demands a correct appreciation of the political character of the forces which are ranged against one another in the South African Struggle for vonference.

The third was the need to present an effective method for the overthrow of White supremacy through planned rather than spontaneous activity. So long as the threat from the liberation movement was not powerful enough to endanger the very existence of White baasskap there was room for division sometimes quite sharp in the White political camp.

In one sense conditions are connected and interdependent.

Nor must we ever be slow to take advantage of differences and divisions which our successes will inevitably confefence off to isolate the most vociferous, the most uncompromising and the most reactionary elements amongst the Whites. On the question of accidents, a view was expressed that perhaps we should have women as our drivers to reduce the damage caused to our transport by our male comrades.

The Conference was attended by delegates and special invitees by the National Executive Committee.

Strategy and tactics of the African National Congress | Digital Innovation South Africa

What of the liberation forces? The general strikes as a method of political mobilisation was suppressed with the utmost vigour and by the end of the fifties could no longer be effectively employed as an instrument of mass struggle. Finally, the matter was put to a vote. The Commission had also felt that the style in which the draft was written did not lend itself to easy accessibility by the mass of our people outside our Movement’s ranks. No conflict of interest in son’s involvement – Angie Motshekga.


To search the O’Malley archive please click here. Is the enemy a monolith and will he remain so until his final defeat? These points were not actually discussed by Conference, but were noted. The response confdrence the state towards the Congress of the People Campaign and the adoption of the Freedom Charter demonstrated its intention to crush what had previously been accepted as legitimate expressions for equality.

Strategy and tactics of the African National Congress

The above are only some of morogoto important factors which have not always been studied and understood. We should further ensure that:. In the field of representation, any reformist illusion that may still have existed of a slow advance towards democracy was shattered by the removal of the historic remains of non-White representation including even undemocratic and powerless bodies such as the Native Representative Council.

Historically both communities have played a most important part in the stimulation and intensification of the struggle for freedom.

Morogoro Conference

This approach is rooted in the very nature of this type of revolutionary struggle and is borne our by the experience of the overwhelming majority of revolutionary movements which have engaged in such struggle and is borne out by the experience of the overwhelming against a foe with formidable material strength does not achieve dramatic and swift success. But events both before and after Rivonia put paid to the structures which had been created to express the Alliance.

Here too we are called upon to examine the most fundamental features of our situation which serve to mould our revolutionary strategy and tactics.

Detailed study required on demographic patterns of strategic rural areas and conferende farming areas. Amongst other things, it demands in the first place the maximum mobilisation of the African people as a dispossessed and racially oppressed nation. Despite deceptive, and, often, meaningless concessions they share a common fate with their brothers and their own liberation is inextricably bound up with the liberation of the African people.

It is naive to believe that oppressed and beleaguered people cannot temporarily, even in large numbers, be won over by fear, terror, lies, indoctrination and provocation to conferebce liberators as enemies. The Commission also endorsed the TG’s report on transport which also suggested a transport pooling system.


How can we strengthen and make effective the co-operation between the communities, and how can we integrate committed revolutionaries irrespective of their racial background?

This has been made possible by the tremendous economic and military power at the disposal of these regimes built with the help of imperialism. When armed clashes begin they seldom involve more than a comparative handful of combatants whose very resolutons of fighting-existence make them incapable of exercising the functions of all-round political leadership. There is no instrument for measuring this. What is more, the roots of the dominant confedence have been embedded in our country by more than three centuries of presence.

The Morogoro conference and the SACP – News – Sibusiso Buthelezi

Thus the enemy unmasked himself completely moorgoro only to a group of advanced thinkers but to the mass of the people as a whole. The full texts of these statements will accompany this report. But it is a national struggle which is taking place in a different era and in a different context from those which characterised the early struggles against colonialism. Our members should be involved in the running of our projects. It is necessary to stress these factors not only because they give balance to our efforts but because – properly assessed ac they help destroy the myth of the enemy’s invincibility.

We must take counter-measures which would effectively demonstrate to our people that our army shall no longer allow the ruthless murder of our people at home and in the neighbouring countries to go unpunished. Hostel dwellers must also be involved in our organisational efforts. These monolithic tendencies are reinforced by a Hitler-like feeling of confidence that the fortress is impregnable and unassailable for all time.