He acquired physics, chemistry, mathematics, and geography books and .. Iran Nameh, Special Issue on Ahmad Kasravi, 20/, Kasravi’s writings may be treated in four phases. First, in the period from the mid- s to the mids, he published textbooks for teaching. James Buchan considers Ahmad Kasravi, famed historian of Iran’s Sign up for Bookmarks: discover new books in our weekly email.

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Thank you for kasfavi patience. From the early age of sixteen, Kasravi became a pro-constitutionalist. Eye of the State, Trustee of the Throne and so on. He distinguished two different types of Islam: Kasravi paid the price of his daring by his forced resignation from the public high school in Tabriz, where he had been teaching Arabic, and fled to Tehran Kasravi,pp. Kasravi provides a fascinating topic for those with interests in Sufism and Iranian studies as he attempted to produce a form of Iranian identity that he believed was compatible with the modern age and Iranian nationalism.

Selected works by Kasravi. Kasravi published and aahmad as the editor-in-chief of two papers from until his death in On the one hand, he was astonished that so sumptuous a magazine was published in Egypt, and on the other, he realized that European astronomy had nothing in common with what was known by that name in Iran. According to him, the messianism on which Bahaism relies is an illusion, contrary to the natural law of the universe. After a while, he did no more than officiate at religious marriages, and he refrained from performing the other duties of his position.

But Iran was still included among the renowned countries of Asia, and if Karim Khan and his successors did not add anything to the country, neither did they subtract from it.

Palpable terror ruled the town. He was a professor of law at University of Tehran and also a lawyer in TehranIran.


We provide a free online form to document your learning and a certificate for your records. Kasravi is known for his solid and controversial research work on the ancient Azari language.

Sufi Castigator: Ahmad Kasravi and the Iranian Mystical Tradition

The constitutionalist movement in Iran had driven a wedge between the cleric. We see that javascript is disabled or not supported by your browser – javascript is needed for important actions on the site. InKasravi was The next chapter is about the negative effect of Sufism on its followers because of the nature of the ideology.

He showed that the ancient Azari language was an offshoot of Pahlavi language. Edmund Bournoutian, George A.

KASRAVI, AḤMAD i. LIFE AND WORK – Encyclopaedia Iranica

One of the most burning questions he addressed at this point concerned cultural relations between Iran and the West. Though sympathetic in the History to the courageous divines ofKasravi became more and more bitterly anti-clerical. A proponent of reform in Islam[5] he was respected for his deep knowledge of the religion, as “even his orthodox opponents admit that Kasravi was an able theologian and regard his Shari’ate Ahmadi as the best book on the fundamentals of Islam and Shi’ism of his time”, [6] and, like Dr.

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The battle on the streets of Tehran and the provincial towns of Iran arises not merely in a disputed election but in the clash of two views of Persian history that have become hard to reconcile. Selected books and essays by adversaries. The lavish expenditure on pilgrimage, he maintained, was best spent on feeding and clothing the hungry and the poor. The same group had failed in assassinating Kasravi earlier in April in Tehran.

He was the founder of a political-social movement whose goal was to build an Iranian secular identity. What’s New – Home – Login. Cut off from worldly affairs, which according to Kasravi were the concern of religion, the Shi’a were, he concluded, still grappling with the problems and circumstances of 1, years ago.

He held bolks Sufism taught the young nothing but idleness, inactivity, and celibacy Kasravi, a, p. Browneappreciated by Iranian intellectuals of all tendencies, whom he accused to have favoured Sufi poetry in his history of Persian literatureand thus trying to characterize the Iranian spirit with the errors he thinks belong to Sufis immorality, irrationality, Privacy Policy Add Comment. His research on Iranian dialects would harmonize later with the movement for purification of the Persian language, which would be launched with the support of the political authorities, in order to render Persian more vigorous and better able to respond to the needs of modern times.


Kasravi rejected the infallibility of the Twelve Imams, ridiculed the existence of the Twelfth Imam and consequently the central Shi’i notion of his occultation and his promised return on earth.

He rejected the commonly held belief that the first three caliphs had usurped the position of Imam Ali. Kasravi attempted to soothe these confrontations, which he considered meaningless and useless. During his stay in Paris, Ali Shari’ati sent home a list of books he needed in preparation for a lecture on ‘New Islamic Currents in Kasrai.

During his stay in Tehran, which lasted only five months, the Justice Administration offered him several positions in various towns, which he refused. On 11 Marchwhile being tried on charges of “slander against Islam,” Kasravi and one of his assistants named Seyyed Mohammad Taghi Haddadpour, were knifed and killed in open court in Tehran by followers of Navvab Safavia Shi’a boiks cleric who had founded an organization called the Fadayan-e Islam literally Devotees of Islamlead bokos two brothers, Hossein and Ali-Mohammad Emami.

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Thus it was that he ventured onto a dangerous path that all the secular intellectuals of his period attempted to bypass. April Learn how and when to remove this template message.