KARDINER, ABRAM (–), U.S. psychoanalyst. Born and educated in New York City, Kardiner studied with *Freud from to In he was. Dr. Abram Kardiner, a leading American psychoanalyst who was one of the last living persons to have been analyzed by Sigmund Freud, died. Abram Kardiner’s 13 research works with citations and reads, including: The Mark of Oppression: Exploration in the Personality of the American Negro.
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Content in this edit is translated anram the existing German Wikipedia article at [[: Kardiner, and those following his lead, believed it possible to elicit a “basic personality structure” — a set of trends entering into the characters of all individuals reared in the same culture.
He returned to the subject of anthropology krdiner with They Studied Man, a study of the beginnings of cultural anthropology that focused on the lives of ten scholars and the ethos of the times.
This article about an American scientist is a stub. Cora DuBois was a postdoctoral student studying with Kardiner in Retrieved from ” https: Kaddiner postulated the existence of a basic personality structure BPS personality traits shared by members of a society as a result of kqrdiner early experiences.
For more guidance, see Wikipedia: Kardiner is now credited with defining posttraumatic stress disorder PTSD. Inthe director, Sandor Rado, asked Kardiner to develop a course on the application of psychoanalysis to the study of culture. Manson, The Psychodynamics of Culture: Abram Kardiner and Neo-Freudian Anthropology The basic personality expressed itself unconsciously in secondary institutions such as folklore, art, and religion. In recognition of his kardier as a renowned pioneer in the application of psychoanalysis to the study of culture, the APM established the Abram Kardiner Lectureship on Psychoanalysis and Culture in From his conclusions he established how groups in any culture would react to similar social frustration.
One problem Kardiner encountered was the availability of cultural, but not psychological data on the societies investigated. Kardiner sought to demonstrate the applicability of his BPS theory to modern, complex American society with the publication in of The Mark of Oppression: It was from these cultural institutions, therefore, that the basic personality expected in the culture could karduner inferred.
In he was appointed clinical professor of psychiatry at Columbia University and in director of the psychoanalytic clinic. The standard practice was for an anthropologist to describe a culture; Kardiner would then analyze it in terms of his sbram ego psychology.
But in her classic ethnography, The People of Alorwhich included chapters and sections by Kardiner, DuBois replaced the concept of basic personality with modal personality, referring to central tendencies in the personalities of krdiner of a society that are not necessarily shared by all.
Secondary institutions were based on the psychological process of projection and served to satisfy unmet needs symbolically. He conducted joint seminars at Columbia University on the interplay of individual personality and culture in diverse societies. Kardiner co-founded the New York Psychoanalytic Institute inthe first such training institute in the U. Linton was introduced to Kardiner by the psychologist Abraham Maslow, who was a participant in the seminar and a former student of Linton.
This study involved four years of intensive research with 25 individuals, and it identified common personality dynamics that African Americans had developed, according to Kardiner, to cope with discrimination. Kardiner saw the results as confirmation of his theory of a shared personality. He divided culture into primary institutions, kaddiner generated the BPS, and secondary institutions, which were expressions of the BPS.
This structure was the product of “primary institutions” such as child training methods in dealing with aggression and sex and the family organization. His last book was My Analysis with Freud: If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language abrqm. The primary institutions included older, more stable elements of a culture such as technology, economics, family structure, and child-training practices, while the secondary institutions included religion, ritual, folklore, mythology, taboos, and art.
Ralph Linton came to Columbia in to replace Boas as chair of the anthropology department. Download our mobile app for on-the-go access to the Jewish Virtual Library. Inferences about the personality produced in the culture were drawn and checked by actual psychological tests.
Top 50 American Jews. Kardiner is best known in anthropology for his concepts of basic personality structure and projective systems.
Kardiner co-authored with Lionel Ovesey Mark of Oppressionwhich explored the impact of social pressures on the African-American personality.
Kardiner published his major contribution to anthropology, The Individual and His Society inwith Linton as a contributor. Exact name of German article]]; see its history for attribution. Medal of Freedom Recipients.
He is most famously known for authoring The Traumatic Neuroses of War  abra, available for downloadseen by many modern researchers and clinicians as a seminal work on combat related psychological trauma.
Machine translation like Deepl or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. The first session had only two students, but the seminar eventually grew to a hundred and included many distinguished anthropologists.
Kardiner was deeply interested in cross-cultural diagnosis and the psychoanalytic study of culture.